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Portable capillary-based (non-chip) capillary electrophoresis

Citation

Ryvolova, M and Preisler, J and Brabazon, D and Macka, M, Portable capillary-based (non-chip) capillary electrophoresis, Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 29, (4) pp. 339-353. ISSN 0165-9936 (2010) [Refereed Article]


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DOI: doi:10.1016/j.trac.2009.12.010

Abstract

Miniaturized, portable instrumentation has been gaining popularity in all areas of analytical chemistry. Capillary electrophoresis (CE), due to its main strengths of high separation efficiency, relatively short analysis time and low consumption of chemicals, is a particularly suitable technique for use in portable analytical instrumentation. In line with the general trend in miniaturization in chemistry utilizing microfluidic chips, the main thrust of portable CE (PCE) systems development is towards chip-based miniaturized CE. Despite this, capillary-based (non-chip) PCE systems have certain unmatched advantages, especially in the relative simplicity of the regular cylindrical geometry of the CE capillary, maximal volume-to-surface ratio, no need to design and to fabricate a chip, the low costs of capillary compared to chip, and better performance with some detection techniques. This review presents an overview of the state of the art of PCE and literature relevant to future developments. We pay particular attention to the development and the potential of miniaturization of functional parts for PCE. These include components related to sample introduction, separation and detection, which are the key elements in PCE design. The future of PCE may be in relatively simple, rugged designs (e.g., using a short piece of capillary fixed to a chip-sized platform on which injection and detection parts can be mounted). Electrochemical detection is well suited for miniaturization, so is probably the most suitable detection technique for PCE, but optical detection is gaining interest, especially due to miniaturized light sources (e.g., light-emitting diodes).

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Capillary electrophoresis (CE); Chemiluminescence detection (CLD); Electrochemical detection (ECD); Injection; Laser diode (LD); Light-emitting diode (LED); Miniaturization; Optical detection (OD); Portable instrumentation; Power supply
Research Division:Chemical Sciences
Research Group:Analytical Chemistry
Research Field:Separation Science
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences
Author:Macka, M (Professor Mirek Macka)
ID Code:62973
Year Published:2010
Web of Science® Times Cited:64
Deposited By:Austn Centre for Research in Separation Science
Deposited On:2010-03-31
Last Modified:2011-10-29
Downloads:1 View Download Statistics

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