Skeletal muscle capillary responses to insulin are abnormal in late-stage diabetes and are restored by angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition
Clerk, LH and Vincent, MA and Barrett, EJ and Lankford, MF and Lindner, JR, Skeletal muscle capillary responses to insulin are abnormal in late-stage diabetes and are restored by angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition , American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism, 293, (6) pp. E1804-E1809 . ISSN 0193-1849 (2007) [Refereed Article]
Acute physiological hyperinsulinemia increases skeletal muscle capillary blood volume (CBV), presumably to augment glucose and insulin delivery. We hypothesized that insulin-mediated changes in CBV are impaired in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and are improved by angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition (ACE-I). Zucker obese diabetic rats (ZDF, n = 18) and control rats (n = 9) were studied at 20 wk of age. One-half of the ZDF rats were treated with quinapril (ZDF-Q) for 15 wk prior to study. CBV and capillary flow in hindlimb skeletal muscle were measured by contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEU) at baseline and at 30 and 120 min after initiation of a euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp (3 mU·min-1·kg-1). At baseline, ZDF and ZDF-Q rats were hyperglycemic and hyperinsulinemic vs. controls. Glucose utilization in ZDF rats was 60-70% lower (P < 0.05) than in controls after 30 and 120 min of hyperinsulinemia. In ZDF-Q rats, glucose utilization was impaired at 30 min but similar to controls at 120 min. Basal CBV was lower in ZDF and ZDF-Q rats compared with controls (13 ± 4, 7 ± 3, and 9 ± 2 U, respectively). With hyperinsulinemia, CBV increased by about twofold in control animals at 30 and 120 min, did not change in ZDF animals, and increased in ZDF-Q animals only at 120 min to a level similar to controls. Anatomic capillary density on immunohistology was not different between groups. We conclude that insulin-mediated capillary recruitment in skeletal muscle, which participates in glucose utilization, is impaired in animals with DM and can be partially reversed by chronic ACE-I therapy.