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Reactivity of CO2 towards Mo[N(R)Ph)3]


Brookes, NJ and Ariafard, A and Stranger, R and Yates, BF, Reactivity of CO2 towards Mo[N(R)Ph)3], Dalton Transactions, 2009, (42) pp. 9266-9272. ISSN 1477-9226 (2009) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1039/b909982d


The Laplaza/Cummins L3Mo (L = N(R)Ar) system is a very important complex for activating small molecules such as N2. Previous experimental work has shown that CS2 binds to the L3Mo system and forms an Mo-CS-Mo intermediate, while the environmentally important CO2 molecule is unreactive. The aim of this paper is to explain why there is this contrast in reactivity. We have used density functional methods to show that at first glance the reaction of 3L3Mo + CO2 should proceed smoothly to give L3Mo-O + L3Mo-CO-MoL 3. However initial coordination of the CO2 molecule to L3Mo does not take place because of the bending of CO2, the energy required to cross from the doublet to the quartet state, and the lower metal-CO2 binding energy compared to metal-CS2. The subsequent formation of the L3Mo-CO-MoL3 intermediate is similarly unfeasible due to steric and entropic effects. We have provided a molecular orbital rationalization for these effects and have also shown that it is important to take account of steric factors in order to get an accurate understanding of the energetic picture. © 2009 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Chemical Sciences
Research Group:Inorganic chemistry
Research Field:Transition metal chemistry
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the chemical sciences
UTAS Author:Brookes, NJ (Dr Nigel Brookes)
UTAS Author:Ariafard, A (Associate Professor Alireza Ariafard)
UTAS Author:Yates, BF (Professor Brian Yates)
ID Code:62481
Year Published:2009
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (DP0986529)
Web of Science® Times Cited:11
Deposited By:Chemistry
Deposited On:2010-03-12
Last Modified:2012-03-05

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