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The association between smoking and hypertension in a population-based sample of Vietnamese men

Citation

Au, BT and Blizzard, L and Schmidt, MD and Pham, HL and Granger, RH and Dwyer, T, The association between smoking and hypertension in a population-based sample of Vietnamese men, Journal of Hypertension, 28, (2) pp. 245-50. ISSN 0263-6352 (2010) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1097/HJH.0b013e32833310e0

Abstract

Objective The association between tobacco smoking and blood pressure in epidemiological studies remains unclear despite experimental evidence that smoking elevates blood pressure. This study examined the association between smoking and hypertension in a population-based sample of Vietnamese men. Methods The study utilized a population-based sample of men (nU910) from a survey of risk factors of noncommunicable diseases in Vietnam. Measurements including behavioural risk factors, body composition, and blood pressure were performed according to internationally standardized protocols. Poisson regression was used to obtain prevalence ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). All analyses were performed using complex surveymethods. Results There were significant trends of increasing prevalence of hypertension with increasing years (PU0.05) and pack-years (PU0.03) of smoking after adjusting for age, BMI, and alcohol intake. Relative to never-smokers, the risk of hypertension for those who had smoked for 30 years or more and those who had smoked 20 pack-years or more were 1.52 (95% CI 0.95–2.44) and 1.34 (95% CI 0.94–1.91), respectively. Overall, however, current smokers were not at higher risk of hypertension than never-smokers (prevalence ratioU1.08, 95% CI 0.70–1.68), and ex-smokers were more likely to be hypertensive than either never-smokers

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:dose–response relationship, hypertension, risk factors, smoking
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
Research Field:Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Cardiovascular System and Diseases
Author:Au, BT (Dr Thuy Au)
Author:Blizzard, L (Associate Professor Leigh Blizzard)
Author:Schmidt, MD (Dr Michael Schmidt)
ID Code:62225
Year Published:2010 (online first 2009)
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2010-03-10
Last Modified:2017-05-25
Downloads:0

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