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On the diagnostic characters of the genus Stygonitocrella (Copepoda, Harpacticoida), with descriptions of seven new species from Australian subterranean waters


Karanovic, T and Hancock, P, On the diagnostic characters of the genus Stygonitocrella (Copepoda, Harpacticoida), with descriptions of seven new species from Australian subterranean waters , Zootaxa, 2009, (2324) pp. 1-85. ISSN 1175-5326 (2009) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright © 2009 · Magnolia Press

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DOI: doi:10.11646/zootaxa.2324.1.1


Seven new freshwater ameirids were discovered in the Australian subterranean habitats, six of which would fit into the present unsatisfactory diagnosis of the genus Stygonitocrella Reid, Hunt & Stanley, 2003. Two of them were discovered in Pioneer Valley, Queensland, representing the first record of this genus in eastern Australia. Four other species were collected from the Pilbara region in Western Australia, the same region in Australia where the first three representatives of this genus were reported. An additional new species was collected in the Kimberley region in Western Australia and could not be assigned to the revised genus Stygonitocrella, but has some remarkable similarities with species that were in the past considered to be members of this genus. In order to assess the most natural allocation of these ameirid taxa, a revision of the genus Stygonitocrella was made, based on a cladistic approach by using 57 phylogenetically informative morphological characters. The phylogenetic analysis revealed the presence of six monophyletic groups, giving ground for the establishment of six new genera, three of them created to accommodate a single new Australian species: Kimberleynitocrella billhumphreysi gen. et sp. nov. from several bores in the Argyle Diamond Mine and Ord River in the Kimberley region in Western Australia, Gordanitocrella trajani gen. et sp. nov. from three different localities in the Pilbara region in Western Australia, and Lucionitocrella yalleenensis gen. et sp. nov. from a single bore on the Yalleen Station, also in the Pilbara region in Western Australia. All three new Australian genera have a basal position on the phylogenetic tree, because they share several plesiomorphic characters; nevertheless they are well defined by the combination of apomorphic and plesiomorphic features. The generic diagnosis of Stygonitocrella is emended and the genus redefined to include only four species: S. montana (Noodt, 1965) from Argentina (the type species), S. dubia (Chappuis, 1937) and S. guadalfensis Rouch, 1985 from Spain and S. sequoyahi Reid, Hunt & Stanley, 2003 from the United States. The Cuban S. orghidani (Petkovski, 1973) was left as incertae sedis in this genus. The subgenus Fiersiella Huys, 2009 is established as a junior subjective synonym of Stygonitocrella. Generic diagnoses are emended for the monospecific Australian genus Inermipes Lee & Huys, 2002, the monospecific Japanese genus Neonitocrella Lee & Huys, 2002 and the North American genus Psammonitocrella Huys, 2009, that contains two species. The genus Reidnitocrella gen. nov. is erected to accommodate three closely related central Asian species: R. tianschanica (Borutzky, 1972) comb. nov., R. pseudotianschanica (Sterba, 1973) comb. nov., and R. djirgalanica (Borutzky, 1978) comb. nov. Also, after carefully examining the available published information on R. tianschanica another new species is recognized in this genus: R. borutzkyi sp. nov. The genus Eduardonitocrella gen. nov. is erected for the Mexican E. mexicana (Suárez-Morales & Iliffe, 2005) comb. nov. The newly established genus Megastygonitocrella gen. nov. is the largest one in this group of freshwater ameirids, containing the following 11 species: M. trispinosa (Karanovic, 2006) comb. nov. (type species), M. bispinosa (Karanovic, 2006) comb. nov., M. unispinosa (Karanovic, 2006) comb. nov., M. ecowisei sp. nov., M. dec sp. nov., M. pagusregalis sp. nov., M. kryptos sp. nov., M. karamani (Petkovski, 1959) comb. nov., M. petkovskii (Pesce, 1985) comb. nov., M. ljovuschkini (Borutzky, 1967) comb. nov. and M. colchica (Borutzky & Michailova-Neikova, 1970) comb. nov. The first five species are endemic to the Pilbara region in Western Australia, the next two are described from Queensland, M. karamani is known from Slovenia, M. petkovskii from Greece, while the last two species are endemic to the Caucasus. A Tethyan origin for this

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Zoology
Research Field:Invertebrate biology
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Marine systems and management
Objective Field:Marine biodiversity
UTAS Author:Karanovic, T (Dr Tomislav Karanovic)
ID Code:62114
Year Published:2009
Web of Science® Times Cited:13
Deposited By:Zoology
Deposited On:2010-03-10
Last Modified:2012-03-05
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