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Evolution of stomatal responsiveness to CO2 and optimization of water-use efficiency among land plants


Brodribb, TJ and McAdam, SAM and Jordan, GJ and Field, TS, Evolution of stomatal responsiveness to CO2 and optimization of water-use efficiency among land plants, New Phytologist, 183, (3) pp. 839-847. ISSN 0028-646X (2009) [Refereed Article]

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DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2009.02844.x


• The stomata of angiosperms respond to changes in ambient atmospheric concentrations of CO2 (Ca) in ways that appear to optimize water-use efficiency. It is unknown where in the history of land plants this important stomatal control mechanism evolved. Here, we test the hypothesis that major clades of plants have distinct stomatal sensitivities to Ca reflecting a relatively recent evolution of water-use optimization in derived angiosperms. • Responses of stomatal conductance (gs) to step changes between elevated, ambient and low Ca (600, 380 and 100 ์mol mol−1, respectively) were compared in a phylogenetically and ecologically diverse range of higher angiosperms, conifers, ferns and lycopods. • All species responded to low Ca by increasing gs but only angiosperm stomata demonstrated a significant closing response when Ca was elevated to 600 ์mol mol−1. As a result, angiosperms showed significantly greater increases in water-use efficiency under elevated Ca than the other lineages. • The data suggest that the angiosperms have mechanisms for detecting and responding to increases in Ca that are absent from earlier diverging lineages, and these mechanisms impart a greater capacity to optimize water-use efficiency.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:angiosperm, CO2, evolution, gymnosperm, stomata, water-use efficiency
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Evolutionary biology
Research Field:Biological adaptation
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Terrestrial systems and management
Objective Field:Terrestrial biodiversity
UTAS Author:Brodribb, TJ (Professor Tim Brodribb)
UTAS Author:McAdam, SAM (Dr Scott McAdam)
UTAS Author:Jordan, GJ (Professor Greg Jordan)
ID Code:62109
Year Published:2009
Web of Science® Times Cited:158
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2010-03-10
Last Modified:2012-12-12
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