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Climate change impacts on, and vulnerability and adaptation of mangrove ecosystems


Ellison, JC, Climate change impacts on, and vulnerability and adaptation of mangrove ecosystems, In: ASEAN Conference on Biodiversity 2009: Biodiversity in Focus 20101 and Beyond, 21-23 October 2009, Singapore, pp. 1-28. (2010) [Non Refereed Conference Paper]

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Mangroves are invaluable resources in the ASEAN region, providing coastal protection, wood, and fishery resources. While the region supports the world’s highest diversity of mangroves, many countries have lost 50% of mangroves in the last 20 years, to conversion and degradation. Mangrove ecosystems are also sensitive to climate change impacts, particularly sea-level rise. Sea level rise of 1.5-9.7 mm a-1 is projected by 2099, and mangrove accretion rates are usually less than this, resulting in dieback at the seaward edge, and inland recruitment. Rise in temperature and the effects of increased CO2 levels should increase mangrove productivity, and continue expansion of mangrove species ranges into higher latitudes. UNEP/ GEF/ WWF has recently developed protocols for mangrove vulnerability assessments, combining mapping and micro-elevation determination, long term relative sealevel trends, monitoring of mangrove structure, productivity, condition and human interaction. Climate change adaptation strategies developed include reduction of stressors, strategic protected areas designation, rehabilitation of degraded areas, as well as collaboration with local communities to improve resource use efficiency.

Item Details

Item Type:Non Refereed Conference Paper
Keywords:Mangrove, climate change, vulnerability assessment, adaptation,
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental management
Research Field:Environmental management
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Management of Antarctic and Southern Ocean environments
Objective Field:Assessment and management of Antarctic and Southern Ocean ecosystems
UTAS Author:Ellison, JC (Associate Professor Joanna Ellison)
ID Code:61058
Year Published:2010
Deposited By:Geography and Environmental Studies
Deposited On:2010-02-25
Last Modified:2011-03-18
Downloads:3 View Download Statistics

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