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Yield and cooking qualities of somaclonal variants of cv. Russet Burbank selected for resistance to common scab disease of potato

Citation

Wilson, CR and Tegg, RS and Hingston, LH, Yield and cooking qualities of somaclonal variants of cv. Russet Burbank selected for resistance to common scab disease of potato, Annals of Applied Biology, 157, (2) pp. 283-297. ISSN 0003-4746 (2010) [Refereed Article]


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The definitive published version is available online at: http://interscience.wiley.com

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2010.00427.x

Abstract

We previously obtained somaclonal variants of the important French fry processing cultivar Russet Burbank with significantly enhanced resistance to common scab disease. In this study we have shown the commercial merit of a proportion of these variants through comparison of relative yield and tuber quality with the parent cultivar Russet Burbank. Whilst we showed a weak negative correlation between tuber yield (as assessed by weight of tubers per plant) and relative disease resistance within selected variants, we identified several with equivalent yields to the parent cultivar. Furthermore, two disease-resistant variants (TC-RB8 and NZ-24B) consistently yielded more tuber mass than the parent. The majority of our Russet Burbank variants showed equivalent tuber quality characteristics (occurrence of defects, tuber specific gravity and dry matter content, and flesh colour) and cooking qualities (fry colour and presence of dark end defects) to the parent cultivar. Independent testing by a commercial French fry processor confirmed these quality characteristics. We present data demonstrating that highly common scab disease-resistant somaclonal variants of Russet Burbank have commercially acceptable tuber yield and quality characteristics, comparable to the industry standard and parent Russet Burbank cultivar. We also demonstrate the value of in vitro cell selection techniques for potato cultivar improvement.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Agronomic performance;French fry;fry colour;Solanum tuberosum;Thaxtomin A;tuber defect
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Horticultural Production
Research Field:Horticultural Crop Improvement (Selection and Breeding)
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Horticultural Crops
Objective Field:Vegetables
Author:Wilson, CR (Associate Professor Calum Wilson)
Author:Tegg, RS (Dr Robert Tegg)
Author:Hingston, LH (Mr Leon Hingston)
ID Code:60888
Year Published:2010
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:Agricultural Science
Deposited On:2010-02-22
Last Modified:2011-04-14
Downloads:0

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