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Experimental study of topographic effects on gust wind speed


Ngo, TT and Letchford, CW, Experimental study of topographic effects on gust wind speed, Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 97, (9-10) pp. 426-438. ISSN 0167-6105 (2009) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.jweia.2009.06.013


This paper presents a follow-up study to our earlier work on comparing approaches to determine topographic effects in four major wind load codes. These codes are further evaluated and compared with earlier studies as well as new tests undertaken in the Texas Tech University boundary layer wind tunnel. Wind tunnel experiments with a model scale of 1:1000 were carried out to evaluate the wind speed-up effects of two main types of topography: escarpments and symmetrical ridges. Of particular interest were effects of ground surface roughness and the upwind slope of the two topographic features on wind speed-up and the space limits for speed-up applications around the crest of topography. Experimental results show that the surface roughness has significant speed-up effects for ridges rather than for escarpments. The results also indicate that wind load codes tend to be unconservative in specifying the minimum and maximum upwind slope as well as the spatial extent around the crest for application of speed-up factors. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Civil engineering
Research Field:Civil engineering not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Air quality, atmosphere and weather
Objective Field:Atmospheric processes and dynamics
UTAS Author:Letchford, CW (Professor Chris Letchford)
ID Code:60756
Year Published:2009
Web of Science® Times Cited:16
Deposited By:Engineering
Deposited On:2010-02-18
Last Modified:2010-03-29

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