eCite Digital Repository

The influence of variation and expectation on the developing awareness of distribution


Watson, JM, The influence of variation and expectation on the developing awareness of distribution, Statistics Education Research Journal, 8, (1) pp. 32-61. ISSN 1570-1824 (2009) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2009 International Association for Statistical Education (IASE/ISI)

Official URL:


This study considers the evolving influence of variation and expectation on the development of school students' appreciation of distribution as displayed in their construction of graphical representations of data sets. Three interview protocols are employed, presenting different contexts within which 109 students, ranging in age from 6 to 15 years, could display and interpret their understanding. Responses are analyzed within a hierarchical cognitive framework. It is hypothesized from the analysis that, contrary to the order in which expectation and variation are introduced in the school curriculum, the natural tendency for students is to acknowledge variation first and then expectation.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Education
Research Group:Curriculum and pedagogy
Research Field:Mathematics and numeracy curriculum and pedagogy
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Learner and learning
Objective Field:Learner and learning not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Watson, JM (Professor Jane Watson)
ID Code:60465
Year Published:2009
Deposited By:Education
Deposited On:2010-02-05
Last Modified:2012-03-30
Downloads:341 View Download Statistics

Repository Staff Only: item control page