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Good governance for terrestial protected areas: A framework, principles and performance outcomes


Lockwood, M, Good governance for terrestial protected areas: A framework, principles and performance outcomes, Journal of Environmental Management, 91 , (3 ) pp. 754-766. ISSN 0301-4797 (2010) [Refereed Article]

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DOI: doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.10.005


Governing norms by which to steer traditional government functions are well established and understood; however, this is not the case for the new multi-level and collaborative approaches that characterize protected area governance. This is largely new territory that makes novel demands on governance institutions and policy. In this context, establishing and maintaining good governance across the diversity of ownership and responsibility arrangements is critical for the future effectiveness and acceptability of protected areas. Fulfilling the promise and avoiding the pitfalls inherent in contemporary protected area governance will require an understanding of what is meant by ’good governance’ and development of associated mechanisms to assess performance and provide a basis for improvement. This paper’s contribution lies in the guidance it provides for the hitherto under-developed area of governance quality assessment. I first present a framework that positions governance quality in relation to governance and management effectiveness. I then characterize good protected area governance according to a set of seven principles – legitimacy, transparency, accountability, inclusiveness, fairness, connectivity and resilience. Together, the framework, governance principles and related performance outcomes provide a platform for assessment of governance quality for an individual terrestrial protected area, a network of several protected areas, or a national protected area system

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Protected areas, Governance, Principles, Performance evaluation
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental management
Research Field:Conservation and biodiversity
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Environmental policy, legislation and standards
Objective Field:Institutional arrangements
UTAS Author:Lockwood, M (Associate Professor Michael Lockwood)
ID Code:60250
Year Published:2010
Web of Science® Times Cited:303
Deposited By:Geography and Environmental Studies
Deposited On:2010-01-27
Last Modified:2011-03-28
Downloads:43 View Download Statistics

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