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Modelling Community Preparation for Natural Hazards: Understanding Hazard Cognitions

Citation

McIvor, D and Paton, D and Johnston, D, Modelling Community Preparation for Natural Hazards: Understanding Hazard Cognitions, Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology, 3, (2) pp. 39-46. ISSN 1834-4909 (2009) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1375/prp.3.2.39

Abstract

This article examines how personal beliefs about hazard events interact with social context factors to influence how individuals interpret their relationship with their environment, assign meaning to natural hazards and their consequences, and make preparedness decisions. Building on earlier work applying the same theoretical model to volcanic hazard preparedness, this article examines earthquake and flood hazard preparedness. The study incorporates both quantitative and qualitative approaches to elicit more detailed information regarding the influences underlying individuals' decisions to adopt preparation activities to minimise the effects of natural hazards. Findings indicate that preparedness decisions are not made in isolation. Through community level discourse and processes importance is attached to natural hazards and protective measures. It is only when natural hazards are perceived as having greater salience than other threats that people are motivated to prepare for their effects. A major finding is a distinction between trust and distrust of civic authorities. The data suggest that preparedness decisions were strongly influenced by the relevance people attached to information provided by these civic authorities. Delivering hazard mitigation strategies involves engaging with community members in order to understand their needs and to render meaningful assistance to their preparedness decisions.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:natural hazards, earthquakes, floods, natural hazard preparation, social construction, community engagement, reasoning processes
Research Division:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Group:Psychology
Research Field:Social and Community Psychology
Objective Division:Cultural Understanding
Objective Group:Other Cultural Understanding
Objective Field:Cultural Understanding not elsewhere classified
Author:McIvor, D (Mr David McIvor)
Author:Paton, D (Professor Douglas Paton)
ID Code:60061
Year Published:2009
Web of Science® Times Cited:10
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2010-01-08
Last Modified:2015-03-05
Downloads:0

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