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Age trends in genetic parameters for growth and wood density in Eucalyptus globulus


Stackpole, DJ and Vaillancourt, RE and de Aguigar, M and Potts, BM, Age trends in genetic parameters for growth and wood density in Eucalyptus globulus, Tree Genetics & Genomes, 6, (2) pp. 179-193. ISSN 1614-2942 (2010) [Refereed Article]

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DOI: doi:10.1007/s11295-009-0239-4


Genetic parameters for stem diameter and wood density were compared at selection (45 years) and harvest (1617 years) age in an open-pollinated progeny trial of Eucalyptus globulus in Tasmania (Australia). The study examined 514 families collected from 17 subraces of E. globulus. Wood density was assessed on a subsample of trees indirectly using pilodyn penetration at both ages and directly by core basic density at harvest age. Significant additive genetic variance and narrow-sense heritabilities (h2 op) were detected for all traits. Univariate and multivariate estimates of heritabilities were similar for each trait except harvest-age diameter. Comparable univariate estimates of selection- and harvest-age heritabilities for diameter masked changes in genetic architecture that occurred with stand development, whereby the loss of additive genetic variance through size-dependent mortality was countered by the accentuation of additive genetic differences among survivors with age. Regardless, the additive genetic (ra) and subrace (rs) correlations across ages were generally high for diameter (0.95 and 0.61, respectively) and pilodyn penetration (0.77 and 0.96), as were the correlations of harvestage core basic density with selection- and harvest-age pilodyn (ra −0.83, −0.88; rs −0.96, −0.83). While rs between diameter and pilodyn were close to zero at both ages, there was a significant change in ra from adverse at selection age (0.25) to close to zero (−0.07) at harvest age. We argue that this change in the genetic correlation reflects a decoupling of the genetic association of growth and wood density with age. This result highlights the need to validate the use of selection-age genetic parameters for predicting harvest-age breeding values.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Genetic correlation . Density. Eucalyptus globulus
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Genetics
Research Field:Gene mapping
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Forestry
Objective Field:Hardwood plantations
UTAS Author:Stackpole, DJ (Mr Desmond Stackpole)
UTAS Author:Vaillancourt, RE (Professor Rene Vaillancourt)
UTAS Author:Potts, BM (Professor Brad Potts)
ID Code:59963
Year Published:2010
Web of Science® Times Cited:64
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2009-12-23
Last Modified:2011-05-13
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