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Genetic ages for Quaternary topographic evolution: A new dating tool


Craw, D and Burridge, CP and Norris, R and Waters, J, Genetic ages for Quaternary topographic evolution: A new dating tool, Geological Society of America. Bulletin, 36, (1) pp. 19-22. ISSN 0016-7606 (2008) [Refereed Article]

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2008 The Geological Society of America.

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DOI: doi:10.1130/G24126A.1


All eukaryote populations accumulate mutations in their mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) over time, so reproductively isolated populations become characterized by distinct mtDNA lineages. In addition, the degree of genetic differentiation among distinct populations can be used to estimate time elapsed since their isolation. We have identifi ed an informative system for calibrating the mtDNA "clock" by genetically comparing freshwater galaxiid fi sh populations isolated in different river drainages. Calibration using a range of Quaternary geological events in southern New Zealand shows that the mtDNA divergence rate in galaxiid fi shes is between 1% and 2%/100 k.y. up to 250 k.y., with the rate decreasing with increasing age. The estimated divergence rate slows to around 4%/m.y. for the middle Quaternary, although calibration is poor. A calibration curve has been fi tted to all data: divergence (%) = −2.2e9t + 2.5t + 2.2, where t is isolation age (in m.y.). This molecular clock has potential as a dating tool for glacially related and active tectonic events that have caused river drainage changes in the late Quater- nary in the Southern Hemisphere, where galaxiids are widespread. An application of this dating tool to an example in northern South Island uses three different species of freshwater-limited fi sh, and all three data sets imply formation of a drainage divide at 320 110 ka, at about the time of a major glacial advance though the divide (oxygen isotope stage 8).

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:dating, DNA, New Zealand, tectonics, river capture.
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geology
Research Field:Geochronology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences
UTAS Author:Burridge, CP (Associate Professor Christopher Burridge)
ID Code:59418
Year Published:2008
Web of Science® Times Cited:36
Deposited By:Zoology
Deposited On:2009-12-01
Last Modified:2010-06-04
Downloads:2 View Download Statistics

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