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Healthy lifestyles and cardiovascular risk profiles in young Australian adults: the Childhood Determinants of Adult Health Study


Gall, SL and Jamrozik, K and Blizzard, L and Dwyer, T and Venn, A, Healthy lifestyles and cardiovascular risk profiles in young Australian adults: the Childhood Determinants of Adult Health Study, European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation, 16, (6) pp. 684-689. ISSN 1741-8267 (2009) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1097/HJR.0b013e3283315888


Introduction We examined whether a healthy lifestyle was associated with cardiovascular risk factors in a cohort of young adults. Design Cross-sectional. Method Data from the 20042006 Childhood Determinants of Adult Health Study (age range 2536 years) were used. A lifestyle score [0 (unhealthy) to 8 (healthy)] was derived from eight behaviours (normal body mass index, nonsmoking, low alcohol, salt, meat and regular fish consumption, leisure time physical activity and skim milk use). Using linear regression to adjust sociodemographic characteristics, we examined relationships between the lifestyle score and blood pressure (BP), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, insulin, glucose and an estimate of insulin resistance (IR). Results In men (n = 863), after adjustment, higher lifestyle scores were linearly associated with lower diastolic BP [regression coefficient (b): 0.83; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.23 to 0.43], LDL cholesterol (b: 0.05; 95% CI: 0.09 to 0.007), HDL cholesterol (b: 0.01; 95% CI: 0.0010.003), insulin (b: 0.50; 95% CI: 0.75 to 0.25) and IR (b: 0.10; 95% CI: 0.16 to 0.04). In women (n = 941), after adjustment, healthy lifestyles were linearly associated with HDL cholesterol (b: 0.02; 95% CI: 0.010.04) and glucose (b: 0.02; 95% CI: 0.04 to 0.003). There were significant nonlinear associations of the lifestyle score with triglycerides in males and with diastolic BP, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, insulin and IR in females. Conclusion Even in young adults, a healthy lifestyle is clearly associated with a better cardiovascular risk profile.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:adults, cardiovascular, risk factors, risk reduction behaviour
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Epidemiology
Research Field:Epidemiology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Gall, SL (Associate Professor Seana Gall)
UTAS Author:Blizzard, L (Professor Leigh Blizzard)
UTAS Author:Venn, A (Professor Alison Venn)
ID Code:59247
Year Published:2009
Web of Science® Times Cited:28
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2009-11-26
Last Modified:2017-05-25

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