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Ambulatory Activity, Body Composition, and Lower-Limb Muscle Strength in Older Adults

Citation

Scott, D and Blizzard, L and Fell, J and Jones, G, Ambulatory Activity, Body Composition, and Lower-Limb Muscle Strength in Older Adults, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 41, (2) pp. 383-389. ISSN 0195-9131 (2009) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181882c85

Abstract

SCOTT, D., L. BLIZZARD, J. FELL, and G. JONES. Ambulatory Activity, Body Composition, and Lower-Limb Muscle Strength in Older Adults. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 41, No. 2, pp. 383–389, 2009. Purpose: It is unclear how the amount of ambulatory activity (AA) participated in by older adults relates to body composition or leg strength. The aim of this study was to describe associations of pedometer-determined AA with body fat and leg muscle parameters in community-dwelling 50- to 79-yr-olds. Methods: A crosssectional study of 982 randomly recruited subjects was conducted (51% female; mean age = 62 T 7 yr). Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry measured body composition, including total body fat, trunk fat, and leg lean mass. Isometric strength of the quadriceps and hip flexors was measured using a dynamometer. Leg muscle quality was calculated as kilograms of leg strength per kilogram of leg lean mass. Individual AA was recorded over seven d using a pedometer. Results: Average AA was 9622 T 4004 steps per day. There was no evidence of a threshold model between AA and body fat, leg lean mass, or leg strength. Multivariable regression analyses adjusting for age revealed that AA was negatively associated with total body fat (overall A = j0.54, P G 0.001; partial R2 = 0.06) and trunk fat mass (overall A = j0.28, P G 0.001; partial R2 = 0.05). In women only, a significant positive association between AA and both leg strength (A = 0.71, P = 0.016; partial R2 = 0.01) and leg muscle quality (A = 0.08, P = 0.001; partial R2 = 0.02) was observed. Conclusions: These results suggest that pedometer-determined AA is a major determinant of body fat in community-dwelling older adults and is also involved in the maintenance of leg strength and muscle quality in older women.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Aging, Body Fat, Leg Strength, Pedometer
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Clinical Sciences
Research Field:Geriatrics and Gerontology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health)
Objective Field:Health Related to Ageing
Author:Scott, D (Mr David Scott)
Author:Blizzard, L (Professor Leigh Blizzard)
Author:Fell, J (Associate Professor James Fell)
Author:Jones, G (Professor Graeme Jones)
ID Code:58902
Year Published:2009
Web of Science® Times Cited:27
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2009-11-04
Last Modified:2010-04-15
Downloads:0

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