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Epicuticular waxes and plant primary metabolites on the surfaces of juvenile Eucalyptus globulus and E. nitens (Myrtaceae) leaves

Citation

Steinbauer, MJ and Davies, NW and Gaertner, C and Derridj, S, Epicuticular waxes and plant primary metabolites on the surfaces of juvenile Eucalyptus globulus and E. nitens (Myrtaceae) leaves, Australian Journal of Botany , 57, (6) pp. 474-485. ISSN 0067-1924 (2009) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1071/BT09108

Abstract

Our knowledge of the composition of the waxes on the surfaces of Eucalyptus leaves is growing but that of plant primary metabolites has been completely overlooked. The diffusion of primary metabolites above the cuticle exposes them to a variety of herbivorous taxa and has the potential to influence their responses to that plant. Juvenile leaves of two families of Eucalyptus globulus Labill. ssp. globulus and two families of E. nitens (Deane & Maiden) Maiden had 11 out of 16 of the epicuticular waxes that were detected in common, however, two phenylethyl esters (waxes) were only detected on leaves of one family of E. globulus and two benzyl esters (waxes) were not detected or uncommon in samples from E. nitens. Wax compounds were generally found in samples from both leaf surfaces but a few were only detected in samples from particular sides. Species and families of eucalypt did not differ significantly in the concentrations of free sugars, polyols, malic acid or γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) (all plant primary metabolites) collected from the surfaces of leaves. However, concentrations of all these metabolites were usually higher in collections from the upper surfaces of leaves. High wax abundance, especially on the lower surfaces of E. globulus leaves, is suspected to have hindered dissolution of all the primary metabolites quantified. A number of free amino acids exhibited significant species-level differences in concentrations, namely the aromatic, amide and sulfur-containing amino acids as well as proline; family-level differences in amino acid concentrations were not significant. Australian and overseas evidence showing that differences in waxes and primary metabolites can be influential in plant susceptibility to herbivorous taxa is considered with respect to the threats posed by the autumn gum moth and Mycosphaerella leaf spot fungi.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:leaf surface chemistry, epicuticular waxes, free carbohydrates, free amino acids, insect pest and disease susceptibility.
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Forestry Sciences
Research Field:Forestry Pests, Health and Diseases
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Forestry
Objective Field:Hardwood Plantations
Author:Davies, NW (Associate Professor Noel Davies)
ID Code:58521
Year Published:2009
Web of Science® Times Cited:8
Deposited By:Central Science Laboratory
Deposited On:2009-10-12
Last Modified:2011-07-27
Downloads:0

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