Growth and protein synthesis of barramundi,
Lates calcarifer, fed lupin as a partial protein replacement
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Katersky, RS and Carter, CG, Growth and protein synthesis of barramundi,
Lates calcarifer, fed lupin as a partial protein replacement, Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 152, (4) pp. 513-517. ISSN 1095-6433 (2009) [Refereed Article]
Protein synthesis is an essential growth process in all animals. Little information is available on post-prandial protein synthesis and even less where different protein sources are compared. Protein synthesis was measured at 4 and 24 h after feeding juvenile barramundi in order to determine the effect of using lupin as a partial protein replacement for fish meal on the post-prandial protein metabolism. Juvenile barramundi (4.3 ±0.6 g) were held in a recirculation system (27 °C, salinity 10‰ and 24 h light) for 15 days. Fish were fed one of two isonitrogenous isoenergetic diets (40% crude protein, 16% lipid and 18.5 GE MJ kg- 1). One diet was formulated with 100% fish meal as the protein source while the other had 45% of the protein replaced with lupin ingredients (lupin kernel meal (Lupinus angustifolius) and lupin protein concentrate). All fish were fed a ration of 6%·d- 1 and feed intake was not significantly different between the two diets. Specific growth rate (SGR) and growth efficiency (in relation to protein (PPV) and energy (PEV)) were 6.5 ± 0.14%·d- 1, 43.8 ± 2.72% and 38.31 ± 1.56%, respectively, and were not significantly different between the two diets. There was no significant difference in protein synthesis between the two diets at 4 and 24 h after feeding, however protein synthesis was significantly higher 4 h after feeding than at 24 h (p = 0.02). Neither growth performance nor protein metabolism was altered by replacing 45% of the protein with lupin protein and indicated this to be a suitable protein source for barramundi feeds. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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