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Up-regulation of TRPV1 in mononuclear cells of end-stage kidney disease patients increases susceptibility to N-arachidonoyl-dopamine (NADA)-induced cell death

Citation

Saunders, CIM and Fassett, RG and Geraghty, DP, Up-regulation of TRPV1 in mononuclear cells of end-stage kidney disease patients increases susceptibility to N-arachidonoyl-dopamine (NADA)-induced cell death, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease, 1792, (10) pp. 1019-1026. ISSN 0925-4439 (2009) [Refereed Article]


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DOI: doi:10.1016/j.bbadis.2009.07.008

Abstract

Transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV) 1 channels function as sensors for a variety of noxious and inflammatory signals, including capsaicin, heat and protons, and are up-regulated under inflammatory conditions. As end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) is associated with chronic inflammation, impaired immunity and depressed lymphocyte numbers, we sought to determine whether altered TRPV1 (and related TRPV2) expression in immune cells might be a contributing factor. TRPV1 and TRPV2 mRNA expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) was similar in controls and ESKD patients by quantitative realtime RT-PCR. However, using immunocytochemistry, TRPV1-immunoreactivity was significantly higher and TRPV2-immunoreactivity was significantly lower in PBMC from ESKD patients compared to controls. The plant-derived TRPV1 agonists, capsaicin and resiniferatoxin (RTX) and the putative endovanilloid/ endocannabinoids, N-arachidonoyl-dopamine (NADA) and N-oleoyl-dopamine (OLDA), induced concentration- dependent death of PBMC from healthy donors with a rank order of potency of RTXNNADANOLDANNcapsaicin. TRPV1 (5′-iodoresiniferatoxin) and cannabinoid (CB2; AM630) receptor antagonists blocked the cytotoxic effect of NADA. In subsequent experiments, PBMC from ESKD patients exhibited significantly increased susceptibility to NADA-induced death compared to PBMC from controls. The apparent up-regulation of TRPV1 may be a response to the inflammatory milieu in which PBMC exist in ESKD and may be responsible for the increased susceptibility of these cells to NADA-induced death, providing a possible explanation as to why ESKD patients have reduced lymphocyte counts and impaired immune function. Thus, TRPV1 (and possibly CB2) antagonists may have potential for the treatment of immune dysfunction in ESKD.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Cell death, End-stage kidney disease, Mononuclear cells, N-arachidonoyl-dopamine, TRPV1, TRPV2
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Research Field:Basic Pharmacology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Blood Disorders
Author:Saunders, CIM (Dr Cassie Saunders)
Author:Fassett, RG (Professor Robert Fassett)
Author:Geraghty, DP (Professor Dominic Geraghty)
ID Code:57856
Year Published:2009
Web of Science® Times Cited:6
Deposited By:Health Sciences A
Deposited On:2009-08-19
Last Modified:2011-09-27
Downloads:0

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