eCite Digital Repository

Vascular flow of water induces side cracking in sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.)

Citation

Measham, PF and Gracie, AJ and Wilson, SJ and Bound, SA, Vascular flow of water induces side cracking in sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.), Advances in Horticultural Science, 24, (4) pp. 243-248. ISSN 0394-6169 (2010) [Refereed Article]


Preview
PDF
Restricted - Request a copy
65Kb
  

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2010 Firenze University Press

Official URL: http://digital.casalini.it/15921573

DOI: doi:10.1400/153230

Abstract

This study has shown that rain induced cracking in sweet cherries occurs in two broad categories induced by different modes of water entry into the fruit. A rapid influx of water into the fruit via the vascular system was observed following natural rainfall. In field trials over three seasons application of excess (above routine irrigation) water to the root-zone, without wetting the canopy, induced large, deep cracks in the side of the fruit. Application of water at a similar rate to the canopy, but excluded from the roots by plastic mulch, resulted in a significant increase in small circular or semi-circular cuticular cracks localised around the stem and apex of the fruit, but did not increase the incidence of large side cracks. In a separate trial removing leaves prior to a natural rainfall event resulted in a significant decrease in side cracks and a significant increase in cuticular cracks around the apex compared with an untreated control. Retaining the leaves, but tying them back to expose fruit resulted in significantly lower levels of side cracks, and higher levels of cuticular cracks. The results from these trials suggest different water uptake mechanisms for the development of side cracks and cuticular cracks

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:cracking, root-zone, sweet cherry, water uptake mechanisms
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Horticultural Production
Research Field:Horticultural Production not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Horticultural Crops
Objective Field:Stone Fruit
Author:Measham, PF (Dr Penny Measham)
Author:Gracie, AJ (Associate Professor Alistair Gracie)
Author:Wilson, SJ (Dr Stephen Wilson)
Author:Bound, SA (Dr Sally Bound)
ID Code:57179
Year Published:2010
Deposited By:Agricultural Science
Deposited On:2009-06-23
Last Modified:2012-12-13
Downloads:2 View Download Statistics

Repository Staff Only: item control page