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GPS-Based Volcano Deformation Monitoring: A Mixed-Mode Network Processing Approach

Citation

Janssen, V, GPS-Based Volcano Deformation Monitoring: A Mixed-Mode Network Processing Approach, VDM Verlag Dr. Müller Aktiengesellschaft & Co. KG, Saarbrücken, Germany, pp. 1-156. ISBN 978-3-639-11276-4- (2008) [Authored Other Book]

Abstract

Ground surface deformation at a volcano is recognised as a sure indicator of impending eruptive activity and can contribute to volcanic hazard mitigation and disaster risk management. The Global Positioning System (GPS) is ideally suited for detecting and monitoring such deformation. However, most volcanoes are located in the equatorial region where the highly disturbed ionosphere severely limits the accuracy achievable with low-cost, single-frequency GPS networks. This book reviews the characteristics of continuously operating GPS deformation monitoring networks and describes a mixed-mode GPS network approach used to optimise a low-cost deformation monitoring system on an active Indonesian volcano. A sparse network of GPS receivers surrounding the deformation zone models the regional ionosphere, and empirical corrections are applied to the inner deformation network in order to improve the achievable accuracy. This approach is suitable for a variety of applications, including both natural and man-made structures, and will be particularly useful for researchers and spatial professionals concerned with cost-effective and accurate deformation monitoring.

Item Details

Item Type:Authored Other Book
Keywords:GPS network; Global positioning system; Volcano; Deformation; Monitoring network
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geology
Research Field:Volcanology
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Natural Hazards
Objective Field:Natural Hazards in Mountain and High Country Environments
Author:Janssen, V (Dr Volker Janssen)
ID Code:56215
Year Published:2008
Deposited By:Geography and Environmental Studies
Deposited On:2009-04-02
Last Modified:2009-04-02
Downloads:0

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