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A calibration neutron monitor: Energy response and instrumental temperature sensitivity


Kruger, H and Moraal, H and Bieber, JW and Clem, JM and Evenson, PA and Pyle, KR and Duldig, ML and Humble, JE, A calibration neutron monitor: Energy response and instrumental temperature sensitivity, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 113, (A8) pp. A08101. ISSN 0148-0227 (2008) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1029/2008JA013229


Neutron monitors are integral detectors of secondary cosmic rays. Since each of them has its own detection efficiency, energy spectra cannot readily be derived from their observations. To circumvent this problem, latitudinal surveys have been conducted for many years with mobile neutron monitors to derive such spectra. Another way, however, is to use the worldwide stationary neutron monitor network, but then the counting rates of these monitors must be normalized sufficiently accurately against one another. For this reason, two portable calibration neutron monitors were built at the Potchefstroom campus of the North-West University, South Africa. When calibrations of an adequate number of the worldwide neutron monitors have been done, this paper demonstrates that the differential response functions derived from them will provide experimental data for modulation studies in the rigidity range of 1 to 15 GV. Several properties of these calibrators were investigated, in order to achieve sufficient calibration accuracy. The energy response over the cutoff rigidity range from the poles to the equator, as well as the instrumental temperature sensitivity, are described in this paper. The main conclusion is that the calibrator has a difference of almost 4% in its energy response over the cutoff rigidity range 0-16 GV in comparison with a standard 3NM64 neutron monitor. Furthermore, it is shown that not only the calibrator, but also the NM64 and IGY monitors, have fairly large instrumental temperature sensitivities. Correction coefficients for these effects are given. Copyright 2008 by the American Geophysical Union.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Physical Sciences
Research Group:Astronomical sciences
Research Field:High energy astrophysics and galactic cosmic rays
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the physical sciences
UTAS Author:Duldig, ML (Dr Marc Duldig)
UTAS Author:Humble, JE (Dr John Humble)
ID Code:55503
Year Published:2008
Web of Science® Times Cited:27
Deposited By:Physics
Deposited On:2009-03-11
Last Modified:2011-09-29

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