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Service quality in maritime transport : conceptual model and empirical evidence

Citation

Thai, VV, Service quality in maritime transport : conceptual model and empirical evidence, Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics, 20, (4) pp. 493-518. ISSN 1355-5855 (2008) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

© Emerald Group Publishing Limited 2008

DOI: doi:10.1108/13555850810909777

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to extend knowledge on service quality and how it is defined and thus, managed, in the context of maritime transport by proposing and testing a new conceptual model of service quality.

Design/methodology/approach – The study used a sample of 197 shipping companies, port operators and freight forwarders/logistics service providers, employing the triangulation of both mail survey and in-depth interview techniques. A total of 120 usable questionnaires were returned and 25 interviews conducted. Data were analysed using the SPSS 13.0 software and thematic analysis technique.

Findings – It was found that service quality in maritime transport is a six-dimensional construct consisting of resources, outcomes, process, management, image, and social responsibility (ROPMIS), with each dimension measured by a number of explaining factors making up a total of 24 factors. Findings also revealed that factors involving the outcomes and process of service provision, as well as the management factors, which all focus on satisfying the customers, received high ranking. They also emphasised process and management-related factors which involve the centre of all quality systems: the human element.

Research limitations/implications – As this is the first stage of a more comprehensive study, the model was tested only with service providers, and this is the major limitation. Future research direction is desired, e.g. conducting the study using the same instruments on customers and compare the gaps with this research.

Originality/value – The major contribution of this study is to fully operationalise service quality as a six-dimensional construct in the context of maritime transport, and findings on the ranking of dimensions/factors involved in the model. Although this is the first model of service quality in maritime transport with specific quality factors, its generic dimensions could be generalised to other service sectors as well. The research also has great managerial implications as managers across maritime transport companies can use the tool to develop questionnaire for customer satisfaction survey, thus facilitating a universal benchmarking approach across the industry.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:quality management, SERVQUAL, freight forwarding, customer services quality, Vietnam
Research Division:Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
Research Group:Business and Management
Research Field:Business and Management not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Transport
Objective Group:Water Transport
Objective Field:International Sea Freight Transport (excl. Live Animal Transport)
Author:Thai, VV (Dr Vinh Thai)
ID Code:55431
Year Published:2008
Deposited By:NC Ports and Shipping
Deposited On:2009-03-10
Last Modified:2013-08-23
Downloads:6 View Download Statistics

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