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Unsteady Transition Phenomena at a Compressor Blade Leading Edge


Henderson, AD and Walker, GJ and Hughes, JD, Unsteady Transition Phenomena at a Compressor Blade Leading Edge, Journal of Turbomachinery-Transactions of the ASME, 130, (2) pp. 1-10. ISSN 0889-504X (2008) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1115/1.2751148


Wake-induced laminar-turbulent transition is studied at the leading edge of a C4-section compressor stator blade in a 1.5-stage axial compressor. Surface hot-film sensor observations are interpreted with the aid of numerical solutions from UNSFLO, a quasi-three-dimensional viscous-inviscid flow solver. The passage of a rotor wake, with its associated negative jet, over the stator leading edge is observed to have a destabilizing effect on the suction surface boundary layer. This leads to transition closer to the stator leading edge than would have occurred under steady flow conditions. The strength of this phenomenon is influenced by the rotor-stator axial gap and the variability of individual rotor wake disturbances. A variety of transition phenomena is observed near the leading edge in the wake path. Wave packets characteristic of Tollmien-Schlichting waves are observed to amplify and break down into turbulent spots. Disturbances characteristic of the streaky structures occurring in bypass transition are also seen. Examination of suction surface disturbance and wake-induced transitional strip trajectories points to the leading edge as the principal receptivity site for suction surface transition phenomena at design loading conditions. This contrasts markedly with the pressure surface behavior, where transition at design conditions occurs remotely from leading-edge flow perturbations associated with wake chopping. Here, the local receptivity of the boundary layer to the wake passing disturbance and turbulent wake fluid discharging onto the blade surface may be of greater importance. Copyright © 2008 by ASME.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Fluid mechanics and thermal engineering
Research Field:Aerodynamics (excl. hypersonic aerodynamics)
Objective Division:Transport
Objective Group:Aerospace transport
Objective Field:Air passenger transport
UTAS Author:Henderson, AD (Associate Professor Alan Henderson)
UTAS Author:Walker, GJ (Professor Greg Walker)
ID Code:55288
Year Published:2008
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Centre for Renewable Power Energy Systems
Deposited On:2009-03-08
Last Modified:2011-11-17

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