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Attentional influences on short-interval intracortical inhibition

Citation

Thomson, R and Garry, MI and Summers, JJ, Attentional influences on short-interval intracortical inhibition, Clinical Neurophysiology, 119, (1) pp. 52-62. ISSN 1388-2457 (2008) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.clinph.2007.09.060

Abstract

Objective: The allocation of attention to sensory stimulation and movement might influence cortical activity. Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of variation of intensity of attention (Experiment 1) and direction of attention (Experiment 2) on cortical excitability and short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) during performance of a simple index finger abduction task. Methods: Subjects responded to subtle cutaneous electrical stimulation delivered to the index finger while single and paired TMS pulses were delivered during muscle relaxation between successive responses. In Experiment 1, attentional resources allocated to the task were manipulated using a dual task paradigm involving a backward-counting task. In Experiment 2, spatial attention was varied by delivering cutaneous stimuli to the responding or the non-responding index finger. Results: In Experiment 1, SICI was reduced during performance, but was unaffected by variation in the intensity of attention. The results of Experiment 2, however, showed that SICI was significantly lower when attention was directed to the responding hand compared with when it was directed to the non-responding hand. Conclusions: While SICI was not affected by variation of attentional resources, it was influenced by spatial attention. Significance: These findings may be relevant in future investigations of the underlying neurophysiology of plasticity. © 2007 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Neurosciences
Research Field:Central Nervous System
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Author:Thomson, R (Mr Richard Thomson)
Author:Garry, MI (Dr Michael Garry)
Author:Summers, JJ (Professor Jeffery Summers)
ID Code:54790
Year Published:2008
Web of Science® Times Cited:17
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2009-02-27
Last Modified:2014-12-18
Downloads:0

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