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Tide Gauges in the Antarctic and sub-Antarctic: Instrumentation and Calibration Issues from an Australian Perspective

Citation

Watson, CS and Handsworth, R and Brolsma, H, Tide Gauges in the Antarctic and sub-Antarctic: Instrumentation and Calibration Issues from an Australian Perspective, Geodetic and Geophysical Observations in Antarctica: An Overview in the IPY Perspective, Springer, A Capra, R Dietrich (ed), Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 249-265. ISBN 978-3-540-74881-6 (2008) [Research Book Chapter]

Abstract

The measurement of sea level in the Antarctic and sub-Antarctic is of particular importance for a range of fundamental studies into the role of the region in the global climate system. As such, tide gauges remain a primary measurement tool for the oceanographic and geodetic communities, requiring accurate and uninterrupted estimates of sea level from a geographically diverse array of instrumentation. This paper provides a review of the Australian contribution to sea level observation in the Antarctic and sub-Antarctic, providing a detailed account of data availability and issues surrounding instrumentation and datum control. We also present a novel technique adopted by the Australian Government Antarctic Division (AAD) to achieve an in situ calibration of a tide gauge using a novel application of a GPS equipped buoy. First results from Davis station (68 35' S, 77 58' E) are presented as a case study with an emphasis on quantifying error sources within the gauge system. As the International Polar Year (IPY) 2007-2008 begins and as the temporal extent of Australian Antarctic and sub-Antarctic tide gauge data approaches nearly 15 years with near continuous operation, this provides a timely contribution to assist in maximising the scientific value of data acquired under the most demanding of conditions.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:Antarctic sea level; Pressure tide gauge; Acoustic tide gauge; Calibration; Accuracy
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Geomatic Engineering
Research Field:Geodesy
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Climate and Climate Change not elsewhere classified
Author:Watson, CS (Dr Christopher Watson)
ID Code:54508
Year Published:2008
Deposited By:Geography and Environmental Studies
Deposited On:2009-02-24
Last Modified:2012-02-14
Downloads:0

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