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Sinking particle properties from polyacrylamide gels during the KErguelen Ocean and Plateau compared Study (KEOPS): Zooplankton control of carbon export in an area of persistent natural iron inputs in the Southern Ocean

Citation

Ebersbach, F and Trull, T, Sinking particle properties from polyacrylamide gels during the KErguelen Ocean and Plateau compared Study (KEOPS): Zooplankton control of carbon export in an area of persistent natural iron inputs in the Southern Ocean, Limnology and Oceanography, 53, (1) pp. 212-224. ISSN 0024-3590 (2008) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2008 by the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Inc.

Official URL: http://aslo.org

DOI: doi:10.4319/lo.2008.53.1.0212

Abstract

The Kerguelen ocean and plateau compared study (KEOPS) examined the origin of elevated phytoplankton biomass in naturally iron-fertilized waters over the Kerguelen plateau during midsummer (January–February 2005). We report sinking particle characteristics determined from image analysis of thousands of individual particles collected in viscous polyacrylamide gels placed in free-drifting sediment traps at two sites: a high phytoplankton biomass site over the central plateau (A3) and a moderate biomass site at its periphery (C5). The particles were divided into three types (1) oval fecal pellets, (2) cylindrical fecal pellets, and (3) aggregates. The aggregates were most abundant and mainly consisted of agglomerations of the cylindrical fecal pellets. Conversion of the pellet and aggregate volumes to carbon contents suggests export fluxes of 50–60 mg C m22 d21 at 100-m depth, in reasonable agreement with independent estimates from carbon and 234Th measurements. Our observation that the majority of the particle flux was processed through the heterotrophic foodweb contrasts with the results of artificial iron-fertilization experiments and with models for export from productive diatomdominated waters that emphasize direct export of phytoplankton detritus. The KEOPS results may offer more appropriate scaling for the response of ecosystem structure and carbon export to persistent iron fertilization in the Southern Ocean.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Chemical Oceanography
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water
Objective Field:Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water in Marine Environments
Author:Ebersbach, F (Miss Friederike Ebersbach)
Author:Trull, T (Professor Thomas Trull)
ID Code:54193
Year Published:2008
Web of Science® Times Cited:51
Deposited By:IASOS
Deposited On:2009-02-12
Last Modified:2009-06-10
Downloads:4 View Download Statistics

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