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The Micro-arcsecond Scintillation-Induced Variability (MASIV) Survey. II. The First Four Epochs

Citation

Lovell, JEJ and Rickett, BJ and Macquart, JP and Jauncey, DL and Bignall, HE and Kedziora-Chudczer, L and Ojha, R and Pursimo, T and Dutka, M and Senkbeil, CE and Shabala, SS, The Micro-arcsecond Scintillation-Induced Variability (MASIV) Survey. II. The First Four Epochs, The Astrophysical Journal, 689, (1) pp. 108-126. ISSN 0004-637X (2008) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1086/592485

Abstract

We report on the variability of 443 flat-spectrum, compact radio sources monitored using the VLA for 3 days in four epochs at ̃4 month intervals at 5 GHz as part of the Micro-Arcsecond Scintillation-Induced Variability (MASIV) survey. Over half of these sources exhibited 2%-10% rms variations on timescales over 2 days. We analyzed the variations by two independent methods and find that the rms variability amplitudes of the sources correlate with the emission measure in the ionized interstellar medium along their respective lines of sight. We thus link the variations with interstellar scintillation of components of these sources, with some (unknown) fraction of the total flux density contained within a compact region of angular diameter in the range 10-50 μas. We also find that the variations decrease for high mean flux density sources and, most importantly, for high-redshift sources. The decrease in variability is probably due either to an increase in the apparent diameter of the source or to a decrease in the flux density of the compact fraction beyond z ̃2. Here we present a statistical analysis of these results, and a future paper will discuss the cosmological implications in detail. © 2008. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:The Micro-arcsecond Scintillation-Induced Variability (MASIV) Survey. II. The First Four Epochs
Research Division:Physical Sciences
Research Group:Astronomical and Space Sciences
Research Field:Space and Solar Physics
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences
Author:Lovell, JEJ (Dr Jim Lovell)
Author:Senkbeil, CE (Mr Cliff Senkbeil)
Author:Shabala, SS (Dr Stas Shabala)
ID Code:53932
Year Published:2008
Web of Science® Times Cited:68
Deposited By:Physics
Deposited On:2009-01-28
Last Modified:2009-04-29
Downloads:0

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