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Effects of resistance and flexibility exercise interventions on balance and related measures in older adults


Bird, M-L and Hill, K and Ball, M and Williams, AD, Effects of resistance and flexibility exercise interventions on balance and related measures in older adults, Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 17, (4) pp. 444-454. ISSN 1063-8652 (2009) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright © 2009 Human Kinetics, Inc.

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DOI: doi:10.1123/japa.17.4.444


This research explored the balance benefits to untrained older adults of participating in community-based resistance and flexibility programs. In a blinded randomized crossover trial, 32 older adults (M = 66.9 yr) participated in a resistance-exercise program and a flexibility-exercise program for 16 weeks each. Sway velocity and mediolateral sway range were recorded. Timed up-and-go, 10 times sit-to-stand, and step test were also assessed, and lower limb strength was measured. Significant improvements in sway velocity, as well as timed up-and-go, 10 times sit-to-stand, and step test, were seen with both interventions, with no significant differences between the 2 groups. Resistance training resulted in significant increases in strength that were not evident in the flexibility intervention. Balance performance was significantly improved after both resistance training and standing flexibility training; however, further investigation is required to determine the mechanisms responsible for the improvement.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:strength, training, falls, mobility
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Sports science and exercise
Research Field:Exercise physiology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health)
Objective Field:Health related to ageing
UTAS Author:Bird, M-L (Dr Marie-Louise Bird)
UTAS Author:Ball, M (Professor Madeleine Ball)
UTAS Author:Williams, AD (Associate Professor Andrew Williams)
ID Code:53921
Year Published:2009
Web of Science® Times Cited:50
Deposited By:Health Sciences A
Deposited On:2009-01-22
Last Modified:2015-06-03
Downloads:3,963 View Download Statistics

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