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The effects of high-intensity interval training in well-trained rowers

Citation

Driller, MW and Fell, JW and Gregory, JR and Shing, CM and Williams, AD, The effects of high-intensity interval training in well-trained rowers, International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance , 4, (1) pp. 110-121. ISSN 1555-0265 (2009) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2009 Human Kinetics, Inc.

Official URL: http://hk.humankinetics.com/IJSPP/

Abstract

Purpose: Several recent studies have reported substantial performance and physiological gains in well-trained endurance runners, swimmers, and cyclists following a period of high-intensity interval training (HIT). The aim of the current study was to compare traditional rowing training (CT) to HIT in well-trained rowers. Methods: Subjects included 5 male and 5 female rowers (mean ㊣ SD; age = 19 ㊣ 2 y; height = 176 ㊣ 8 cm; mass = 73.7 ㊣ 9.8 kg; Vo2peak = 4.37 ㊣ 1.08 L﹞min−1). Baseline testing included a 2000-m time trial and a maximal exercise test to determine Vo2peak, 4-min all-out power, and 4 mmol﹞L−1 blood lactate threshold. Following baseline testing, rowers were randomly allocated to HIT or CT, which they performed seven times over a 4-wk period. The HIT involved 8 肴 2.5-min intervals at 90% of the velocity maintained at Vo2peak, with individual recoveries returning to 70% of the subjects* maximal heart rate between intervals. The CT intensity consisted of workloads corresponding to 2 and 3 mmol﹞L−1 blood lactate concentrations. On completion of HIT or CT, rowers repeated the testing performed at baseline and were then allocated to the alternative training program and completed a crossover trial. Results: HIT produced greater improvements in 2000-m time (1.9 ㊣ 0.9%; mean ㊣ SD), 2000-m power (5.8 ㊣ 3.0%), and relative Vo2peak (7.0 ㊣ 6.4%) than CT. Conclusion: Four weeks of HIT improves 2000-m time-trial performance and relative Vo2peak in competitive rowers, more than a traditional approach.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:rowing, Vo2max, performance, endurance, training techniques
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Human Movement and Sports Science
Research Field:Exercise Physiology
Objective Division:Cultural Understanding
Objective Group:Arts and Leisure
Objective Field:Organised Sports
Author:Driller, MW (Dr Matthew Driller)
Author:Fell, JW (Dr James Fell)
Author:Shing, CM (Dr Cecilia Shing)
Author:Williams, AD (Dr Andrew Williams)
ID Code:52259
Year Published:2009
Web of Science® Times Cited:7
Deposited By:Health Sciences A
Deposited On:2008-06-12
Last Modified:2012-10-19
Downloads:3,698 View Download Statistics

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