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Could whales have maintained a high abundance of krill?


Willis, J, Could whales have maintained a high abundance of krill?, Evolutionary Ecology Research , 9, (4) pp. 651-662. ISSN 1522-0613 (2007) [Refereed Article]


Question: Several million large whales were killed between 1900 and 1970. All these whales preyed on krill (Euphausia superba). Why has krill population abundance declined after the elimination of their primary predator? Hypothesis: Krill have changed their behaviour due to the absence of whales and this change in behaviour has resulted in a decrease in krill abundance. Methods: I reproduced a computer model of krill life history. I then extended the model as an individual-based model to show the effects of habitat choice on individual lifetime reproductive success and abundance. Conclusions: In the context of our current understanding of krill physiology, predator-invoked behaviour may lead to increased population abundance and, without the predator, natural selection may favour behaviour that would lead to lower abundance. This reverses the predictions of mass balance ecosystem models. © 2007 Jay Willis.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Zoology
Research Field:Zoology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Management of Antarctic and Southern Ocean environments
Objective Field:Biodiversity in Antarctic and Southern Ocean environments
UTAS Author:Willis, J (Mr Jay Willis)
ID Code:51659
Year Published:2007
Web of Science® Times Cited:21
Deposited By:Zoology
Deposited On:2007-08-01
Last Modified:2011-10-04

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