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Genetic Organization of the hrp Gene Cluster in Erwinia pyrifoliae and Characterization of HR Active Domains in HrpNEp Protein by Mutational Analysis

Citation

Shrestha, R and Park, DH and Cho, JM and Cho, S and Wilson, CR and Hwang, I and Hur, JH and Lim, CK, Genetic Organization of the hrp Gene Cluster in Erwinia pyrifoliae and Characterization of HR Active Domains in HrpNEp Protein by Mutational Analysis, Molecules and Cells, 25, (1) pp. 30-42. ISSN 1016-8478 (2008) [Refereed Article]

Abstract

The disease-specific (dsp) region and the hypersensitive response and pathogenicity (hrp) genes, including the hrpW, hrpNEp, and hrpC operons have previously been sequenced in Erwinia pyrifoliae WT3 [Shrestha et al. (200a)]. In this study, the remaining hrp genes, including the hrpC, hrpA, hrpS, hrpXY, hrpL and hrpJ operons, were determined. The hrp genes cluster (ca. 38 kb) was comprised of eight transcriptional units and contained nine hrc (hrp conserved) genes. The genetic organization of the hrp/hrc genes and their orientation for the transcriptions were also similar to and collinear with those of E. amylovora, showing ≥ 80% homologies. However, ORFU1 and ORFU2 of unknown functions, present between the hrpA and hrpS operons of E. amylovora, were absent in E. pyrifoliae. To determine the HR active domains, several proteins were prepared from truncated fragments of the N-terminal and the C-terminal regions of HrpNEp protein of E. pyrifoliae. The proteins prepared from the N-terminal region elicited HR, but not from those of the C-terminal region indicating that HR active domains are located in only N-terminstl region of the HrpNEp protein. Two synthetic oligopeptides produced HR on tobacco confirming presence of two HR active domains in the HrpNEp. The HR positive N-terminal fragment (HN"C187) was further narrowed down by deleting C-terminal amino acids and internal amino acids to investigate whether animo acid insertion region have role in faster and stronger HR activity in HrpNEp than HrpNEa. The HrpNEp mutant proteins KNA"C187 (D1AIR), HN"C187 (D2AIR) and HN"C187 (DM41) retained similar HR activation to that of wild-type HrpNEp. However, the HrpNEp mutant protein HN"C187 (D3AIR) lacking third amino acid insertion region (102 to 113 aa) reduced HR when compared to that of wild-type HrpNEp. Reduction in HR elicitation could not be observed when single amino acids at different positions were substituted at third amino acids insertion region. But, substitution of amino acids at L103P, L106K and L110R showed reduction in HR activity on tobacco suggesting their importance in activation of HR faster in the HrpNEp although it requires further detailed analysis. © KSMCB 2008.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Horticultural Production
Research Field:Horticultural Crop Protection (Pests, Diseases and Weeds)
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Horticultural Crops
Objective Field:Pome Fruit, Pip Fruit
Author:Wilson, CR (Associate Professor Calum Wilson)
ID Code:51657
Year Published:2008
Web of Science® Times Cited:10
Deposited By:Agricultural Science
Deposited On:2008-04-09
Last Modified:2014-12-12
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