The origin of medium-K ankaramitic arc magmas from Lombok (Sunda arc, Indonesia): Mineral and melt inclusion evidence
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Elburg, MA and Kamenetsky, VS and Foden, JD and Sobolev, A, The origin of medium-K ankaramitic arc magmas from Lombok (Sunda arc, Indonesia): Mineral and melt inclusion evidence, Chemical Geology, 240, (4) pp. 260-279. ISSN 0009-2541 (2007) [Refereed Article]
High-calcium, nepheline-normative ankaramitic basalts (MgO > 10 wt.%, CaO/Al 2O 3 > 1) from Rinjani volcano, Lombok (Sunda arc, Indonesia) contain phenocrysts of clinopyroxene and olivine (Fo 85-92) with inclusions of spinel (Cr# 58-77) and crystallised melt. Olivine crystals have variable but on average low NiO (0.10-0.23 wt.%) and high CaO (0.22-0.35 wt.%) contents for their forsterite number. The CaO content of Fo 89-91 olivine is negatively correlated with the Al 2O 3 content of enclosed spinel (9-15 wt.%) and positively correlated with the CaO/Al 2O 3 ratios of melt inclusions (0.9-1.5). Major and trace element patterns of melt inclusions are similar to that of the host rock, indicating that the magma could have formed by accumulation of small batches of melt, with compositions similar to the melt inclusions. The liquidus temperature of the magma was ∼ 1275 °C, and its oxygen fugacity ≤ FMQ + 2.5. Correlations between K 2O, Zr, Th and LREE in the melt inclusions are interpreted to reflect variable degrees of melting of the source; correlations between Al 2O 3, Na 2O, Y and HREE are influenced by variations in the mineralogy of the source. The melts probably formed from a water-poor, clinopyroxene-rich mantle source. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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