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Epidemiology of Opium Use in the General Population


Ahmadi, j and Pridmore, S and Alimi, A and Cheraghi, A and Arad, A and Parsaeyan, H and Mahagheghzadeh, MS and Kianpour, M, Epidemiology of Opium Use in the General Population, American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 33, (3) pp. 483-491. ISSN 0095-2990 (2007) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1080/00952990701301293


Aims: To evaluate the prevalence of opium use in the Fars province, Iran. Method: A household survey of a representative sample of 3840 people aged 15 years and over. Researchers assessed opium use disorders using a semistructured interview and the Research Version of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I, during 2003. Results: Mean age of the sample was 33.9 years (SD = 15). Of the participants, 689 (17.9%) admitted use of opium one or more times during their lives (28.4% of men and 7.4% of women). Three hundred thirty-nine (8.8%) were current opium users (14.3% of men and 3.3% of women). Opium ever-use and current-use were not functions of marital status. Both opium ever-use and current-use are found across the educational, occupational and income spectrums. Both peaked in the 40-49 age category, suggesting that first use usually occurs before 40 years of age and that current use extends across all age groups. Conclusion: Men are at greater risk than women. This report provides useful information for health planning. Prevention programs should focus on those under 40 years of age, and treatment is required across all age groups. Copyright © Informa Healthcare.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Health services and systems
Research Field:Mental health services
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Mental health
UTAS Author:Pridmore, S (Professor Saxby Pridmore)
ID Code:50407
Year Published:2007
Web of Science® Times Cited:24
Deposited By:Psychiatry
Deposited On:2007-08-01
Last Modified:2011-11-28

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