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Acute effects of wortmannin on insulin's hemodynamic and metabolic actions in vivo

Citation

Bradley, EA and Clark, MG and Rattigan, S, Acute effects of wortmannin on insulin's hemodynamic and metabolic actions in vivo, American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism, 292, (3) pp. E779-E787. ISSN 0193-1849 (2007) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1152/ajpendo.00407.2006

Abstract

Wortmannin, an inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, was systemically infused during a hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp to investigate its effects in vivo. Rats were infused under anesthesia with saline, 10 or 20 mU·min-1·kg-1 insulin, wortmannin (1 μg·min-1·kg-1) + saline, or wortmannin + insulin (10 mU·min-1·kg-1); wortmannin was present for 1 h before and throughout the 2-h clamp. Femoral blood flow (FBF), glucose infusion rate to maintain euglycemia (GIR), glucose appearance (R a), glucose disappearance (Rd), capillary recruitment by 1-methylxanthine metabolism (MXD), hindleg glucose uptake (HLGU), liver, muscle, and aorta Akt phosphorylation (P-Akt/Akt), and plasma insulin concentrations were determined. Plasma insulin increased from 410 ± 49 to 1,680 ± 430 and 5,060 ± 230 pM with 10 and 20 mU·min -1·kg-1 insulin, respectively. Insulin (10 and 20 mU·min-1·kg-1) increased FBF, MXD, GIR, Rd, and HLGU as well as liver, muscle, and aorta P-Akt/Akt and decreased Ra (all P < 0.05). Wortmannin alone increased plasma insulin to 5,450 ± 770 pM and increased Ra, Rd, HLGU, and muscle P-Akt/Akt without effect on blood glucose, FBF, MXD liver, or aorta P-Akt/Akt. Wortmannin blocked FBF, MXD, and liver P-Akt/Akt increases from 10 mU·min-1·kg-1 insulin. Comparison of wortmannin + 10 mU·min-1·kg-1 insulin and 20 mU·min-1·kg-1 insulin alone (both at ∼5,000 pM PI) showed that wortmannin fully blocked the changes in FBF and Ra and partly those of GIR, Ra, Rd, HLGU, and muscle P-AKT/Akt. In summary, wortmannin in vivo increases plasma insulin and fully inhibits insulin-mediated effects in liver and aorta and partially those of muscle, where the latter may result from inhibition of insulin-mediated increases in blood flow and capillary recruitment. Copyright © 2007 the American Physiological Society.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Clinical Sciences
Research Field:Endocrinology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Diabetes
Author:Bradley, EA (Miss Eloise Bradley)
Author:Clark, MG (Professor Michael Clark)
Author:Rattigan, S (Professor Stephen Rattigan)
ID Code:49791
Year Published:2007
Web of Science® Times Cited:10
Deposited By:Biochemistry
Deposited On:2007-08-01
Last Modified:2010-04-14
Downloads:0

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