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Weather, herbage quality, and milk production in pastoral systems. 1. Temporal patterns and intra-relationships in weather variables


Roche, JR and Turner, LR and Lee, JM and Edmeades, DC and Donaghy, DJ and Macdonald, KA and Penno, JW and Berry, DP, Weather, herbage quality, and milk production in pastoral systems. 1. Temporal patterns and intra-relationships in weather variables, Animal Production Science, 49, (3) pp. 192-199. ISSN 1836-0939 (2009) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2009 CSIRO

DOI: doi:10.1071/EA07307


Prevailing weather conditions are one factor that influences herbage growth and quality, and therefore may have a substantial impact on animal production. Before investigating relationships between weather factors, herbage growth and quality, and animal production, it is beneficial to first quantify temporal trends in weather variables. The objective of the present study was to investigate the existence of temporal weather trends in a predominantly dairy production region of New Zealand, and to quantify the level of intra-dependency among the weather variables measured. Daily weather data across the years 1995 to 2001 were merged. Fitted sinusoidal functions demonstrated cyclic temporal trends in weather throughout the year. Air and soil temperatures, radiation, and potential evapotranspiration were highly repeatable within fortnight. Repeatability of all other weather variables was low; for example repeatability of rainfall was ≤7%. Linear relationships were also observed among all weather variables. All air and soil temperature measurements were highly positively correlated with each other (r = 0.53-0.99), and with evaporation (r = 0.40-0.68) and potential evapotranspiration (r = 0.43-0.79), while maximum air temperature was positively correlated with radiation (r = 0.61). Further investigation is required to quantify the effect of temporal weather trends on herbage growth and quality, and subsequent animal production. © CSIRO 2009.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Crop and pasture production
Research Field:Agronomy
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Pasture, browse and fodder crops
Objective Field:Sown pastures (excl. lucerne)
UTAS Author:Roche, JR (Dr John Roche)
UTAS Author:Turner, LR (Dr Lydia Turner)
UTAS Author:Lee, JM (Mr Jenn Ming Lee)
UTAS Author:Donaghy, DJ (Associate Professor Danny Donaghy)
ID Code:49597
Year Published:2009
Web of Science® Times Cited:11
Deposited By:Agricultural Science
Deposited On:2008-08-01
Last Modified:2013-12-16

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