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Biogeographical distribution and ecological ranges of benthic cyanobacteria in East Antarctic lakes

Citation

Arnaud, T and Grubisic, S and Balthasart, P and Hodgson, DA and Laybourn-Parry, J and Wilmott, A, Biogeographical distribution and ecological ranges of benthic cyanobacteria in East Antarctic lakes, Microbial Ecology, 57, (2) pp. 272-289. ISSN 0095-3628 (2006) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

The definitive published version is available online at: http://interscience.wiley.com

Official URL: http://interscience.wiley.com

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1574-6941.2006.00110.x

Abstract

For the first time, the cyanobacterial diversity from microbial mats in lakes of Eastern Antarctica was investigated using microscopic and molecular approaches. The present study assessed the biogeographical distribution of cyanobacteria in Antarctica. Five samples were taken from four lakes spanning a range of different ecological environments in Larsemann Hills, Vestfold Hills and Rauer Islands to evaluate the influence of lake characteristics on the cyanobacterial diversity. Seventeen morphospecies and 28 16S rRNA gene-based operational taxonomic units belonging to the Oscillatoriales, Nostocales and Chroococcales were identified. The internal transcribed spacer was evaluated to complement the 16S rRNA gene data and showed similar but more clear-cut tendencies. The molecular approach suggested that potential Antarctic endemic species, including a previously undiscovered diversity, are more abundant than has been estimated by morphological methods. Moreover, operational taxonomic units, also found outside Antarctica, were more widespread over the continent than potential endemics. The cyanobacterial diversity of the most saline lakes was found to differ from the others, and correlations between the sampling depth and the cyanobacterial communities can also be drawn. Comparison with database sequences illustrated the ubiquity of several cyanobacterial operational taxonomic units and their remarkable range of tolerance to harsh environmental conditions.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Microbiology
Research Field:Microbial Ecology
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Author:Laybourn-Parry, J (Professor Johanna Laybourn-Parry)
ID Code:49042
Year Published:2006
Web of Science® Times Cited:117
Deposited By:Research Division
Deposited On:2007-11-12
Last Modified:2009-06-09
Downloads:0

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