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Evolution of atherogenic diets in South Asian and Italian women after migration to a higher risk region


Anderson, AS and Bush, H and Lean, M and Bradby, H and Williams, RM and Lea, EJ, Evolution of atherogenic diets in South Asian and Italian women after migration to a higher risk region, Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 18, (1) pp. 33-43. ISSN 0952-3871 (2005) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1365-277X.2004.00584.x


Background. To identify differences in the evolution of the diets of South Asian and Italian migrants, a cross-sectional, multiethnic study was undertaken in Glasgow, Scotland. Methods. Five groups of women aged 20-42 years comprising general population (n = 35), South Asian migrants (n = 35) British-born controls (n = 37), Italian migrants (n = 30) and British-born (n = 38) participated in an interviewer administered structured questionnaire on issues relating to health, diet and food selection. Anthropometric measurements were made and subjects completed a 7-day weighed diet inventory. Results. Compared with the general population, dietary differences were greatest amongst first generation migrant groups. There were major differences between the two migrant groups. South Asian migrants tended to display a more atherogenic profile (fat 42.4% energy, saturated fat 15.0% energy, vitamin C 5.1 mg per 1000 kJ) than the general population (fat 39.1% energy, saturated fat 13.5% energy, vitamin C 6.8 mg per 1000 kJ), and Italian migrants (fat 35.7% energy, saturated fat 12.1% energy, vitamin C 10.9 mg per 1000 kJ). However, South Asian groups had higher intakes of polyunsaturated fatty acids which may be cardioprotective. Conclusions. South Asian migrants to Scotland appear to develop adverse dietary elements in the first generation, which are modified in subsequent generations, whereas Italians' diets remain cardioprotective in the migrant generation but deteriorate in subsequent generations. © The British Dietetic Association Ltd 2005.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Nutrition and dietetics
Research Field:Nutrition and dietetics not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Nutrition
UTAS Author:Williams, RM (Mr Williams)
UTAS Author:Lea, EJ (Dr Emma Lea)
ID Code:48860
Year Published:2005
Web of Science® Times Cited:32
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2007-12-11
Last Modified:2011-11-02

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