Novel integrated paired emitter-detector diode (PEDD) as a miniaturized photometric detector in HPLC
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OToole M, M and Lau, KT and Shazmann, B and Shepherd, R and Nesterenko, PN and Paull, B and Diamond, D, Novel integrated paired emitter-detector diode (PEDD) as a miniaturized photometric detector in HPLC , The Analyst, 131, (8) pp. 938-943. ISSN 0003-2654 (2006) [Refereed Article]
A novel low power, low cost, highly sensitive, miniaturized light emitting diode (LED) based flow detector has been used as optical detector for the detection of sample components in high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). This colorimetric detector employs two LEDs, one operating in normal mode as a light source and the other is reverse biased to work as a light detector. Instead of measuring the photocurrent directly, a simple timer circuit is used to measure the time taken for the photocurrent generated by the emitter LED (λmax 500 nm) to discharge the detector LED (λmax 621 nm) from 5 V (logic 1) to 1.7 V (logic 0) to give digital output directly without using an A/D converter. Employing a post-column reagent method, a Nucleosil 100-7 column (functionalised with iminodiacetic acid (IDA) groups) was used to separate a mixture of transition metal complexes, manganese(ii) and cobalt(ii) in 4-(2-pyridylazo)-resorcinol (PAR). All optical measurements were taken by using both the in-built HPLC variable wavelength detector and the proposed paired-emitter-detector-diode (PEDD) optical detector configured in-line for data comparison. The concentration range investigated using the PEDD was found to give a linear response to the Mn(ii) and Co(ii) PAR complexes. The effects of flow rate and emitter LED light source intensity were investigated. Under optimised conditions the PEDD detector offered a linear range of 0.9-100 μM and LOD of 0.09 μM for Mn-PAR complex. A linear range of 0.2-100 μM and LOD of 0.09 μM for Co-PAR complex was achieved. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2006.
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