Use of microspherical sulfonated hypercrosslinked polystyrene in ion chromatography
Nesterenko, PN and Kebets, PA and Sochilina, KO, Use of microspherical sulfonated hypercrosslinked polystyrene in ion chromatography, Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 58, (5) pp. 467-472. ISSN 1061-9348 (2003) [Refereed Article]
The possibility of applying sulfonated cation exchangers on the basis of hypercrosslinked polystyrene (HCPS) of different ion-exchange capacity for the ion-chromatographic separation of alkali metal and ammonium cations was demonstrated. The effect of the nature and concentration of the eluent, the temperature of the chromatographic column, additions of an organic solvent to the eluent, and the ion-exchange capacity of the sorbent on the retention of cations was examined. An unusual selectivity of the sorbent for lithium and ammonium cations was found; the elution order can change for the Li +/Na+ and Rb+/NH4 + pairs depending on the nature of the eluent, the temperature, additions of an organic solvent, and the structural characteristics of the sorbent. When dilute solutions of nitric acid are used as the eluent, the following elution order of cations was obtained: Na+ < Li+ < K+ < NH4 + < Rb+ < Cs+ < ≪ Mg2+ < Sr2+ < Ca2+ < Ba 2+. Under the optimum conditions of separation (1 mM solution of sulfuric acid, 20°C) on sulfonated HCPS with an ion-exchange capacity of 0.07 mequiv/g, the separation of ammonium and alkali metal cations was achieved within 17 min.