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Effects of bovine colostrum supplementation on immune variables in highly trained cyclists


Shing, CM and Peake, JM and Suzuki, K and Okutsu, K and Pereira, R and Stevenson, L and Jenkins, DG and Coombes, JS, Effects of bovine colostrum supplementation on immune variables in highly trained cyclists, Journal of Applied Physiology, 102, (3) pp. 1113-1122. ISSN 8750-7587 (2007) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00553.2006


The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of low-dose bovine colostrum protein concentrate (CPC) supplementation on selected immune variables in cyclists. Twenty-nine highly trained male road cyclists completed an initial 40-km time trial (TT40) and were then randomly assigned to either a supplement (n = 14, 10 g bovine CPC/day) or placebo group (n = 15, 10 g whey protein concentrate/day). After 5 wk of supplementation, the cyclists completed a second TT40. They then completed 5 consecutive days of high-intensity training (HIT) that included a TT40, followed by a final TT40 in the following week. Venous blood and saliva samples were collected immediately before and after each TT40, and upper respiratory illness symptoms were recorded over the experimental period. Compared with the placebo group, bovine CPC supplementation significantly increased preexercise serum soluble TNF receptor 1 during the HIT period (bovine CPC = 882 ± 233 pg/ml, placebo = 468 ± 139 pg/ml; P = 0.039). Supplementation also suppressed the postexercise decrease in cytotoxic/suppressor T cells during the HIT period (bovine CPC = -1.0 ± 2.7%, placebo = -9.2 ± 2.8%; P = 0.017) and during the following week (bovine CPC = 1.4 ± 2.9%, placebo = -8.2 ± 2.8%; P = 0.004). Bovine CPC supplementation prevented a postexercise decrease in serum IgG 2 concentration at the end of the HIT period (bovine CPC = 4.8 ± 6.8%, P = 0.88; placebo = -9.7 ± 6.9%, P = 0.013). There was a trend toward reduced incidence of upper respiratory illness symptoms in the bovine CPC group (P = 0.055). In summary, low-dose bovine CPC supplementation modulates immune parameters during normal training and after an acute period of intense exercise, which may have contributed to the trend toward reduced upper respiratory illness in the bovine CPC group. Copyright © 2007 the American Physiological Society.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Immunology
Research Field:Immunology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Shing, CM (Dr Cecilia Kitic)
ID Code:47062
Year Published:2007
Web of Science® Times Cited:58
Deposited By:Health Sciences A
Deposited On:2007-09-11
Last Modified:2009-10-26

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