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Redox processes involving hydrocarbylmetal (N-heterocyclic carbene) complexes and associated imidazolium salts: ramifications for catalysis

Citation

Cavell, KJ and McGuinness, DS, Redox processes involving hydrocarbylmetal (N-heterocyclic carbene) complexes and associated imidazolium salts: ramifications for catalysis, Coordination Chemistry Reviews, 248, (7-8) pp. 671-681. ISSN 0010-8545 (2004) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.ccr.2004.02.006

Abstract

The comparison of nucleophilic heterocyclic carbenes with phosphines and the premise that they are phosphine analogues is a useful but limited concept. Electronically and sterically NHC's are different. These differences lead to unique chemical behavior where the NHC can act as a spectator ligand or as a participative ligand - finishing up in the products in altered form. Here, we review the redox processes undergone by the NHC/imidazolium salt couple in conjunction with Group 10 metals. The often facile reductive elimination reaction of hydrocarbylM-carbene complexes, yielding 2-substituted imidazolium salt and M(0) is examined, with factors influencing the reaction reviewed in some detail. Conversely, the related imidazolium salts (the important imidazolium based ionic liquids (IL's)) may generate carbene complexes by oxidative addition to low valent metal centres. The significance of these reactions for the application of carbene complexes in catalysis, and for the use of imidazolium based ionic liquids as solvents is manifest. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Chemical Sciences
Research Group:Other Chemical Sciences
Research Field:Organometallic Chemistry
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences
Author:McGuinness, DS (Dr David McGuinness)
ID Code:46838
Year Published:2004
Web of Science® Times Cited:293
Deposited By:Chemistry
Deposited On:2007-09-04
Last Modified:2007-09-04
Downloads:0

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