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Contrasts in mantle structure beneath Australia: relation to Tasman Lines?


Kennett, BLN and Fishwick, S and Reading, AM and Rawlinson, N, Contrasts in mantle structure beneath Australia: relation to Tasman Lines?, Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 51, (4) pp. 563-569. ISSN 0812-0099 (2004) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1400-0952.2004.01075.x


Surface-wave tomography for the Australian region, using data mostly from portable seismic recorders, reveals a very strong contrast in seismic shear-wave speed beneath central and western Australia and the east of the continent. Shear-wave speeds faster than the continental average extend to at least 200 km depth in the cratonic zone to the west of 140°E. Along an approximately north-south line there is then an eastward step to thinner lithosphere (∼150 km thick) but still with fast shear-wave speeds. A further more irregular transition to the east marks the transition to lowered shear-wave speeds. The eastern transition at 75 km depth is in close agreement with the original Tasman Line, whereas the two more westerly transitions do not bear a simple relation to the more recent group of Tasman Lines defined from crustal information (outcrop and inferred geophysical trends). The westward transition to the thickest coherent lithosphere (near 140°E) may well mark the edge of the ancient core of the continent, but the current mantle structures must bear the scars of the breakups and reassembly that have created the current Australian continent.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geophysics
Research Field:Seismology and seismic exploration
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences
UTAS Author:Reading, AM (Professor Anya Reading)
ID Code:46142
Year Published:2004
Web of Science® Times Cited:46
Deposited By:Centre for Ore Deposit Research - CODES CoE
Deposited On:2007-11-06
Last Modified:2007-11-06

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