eCite Digital Repository

Do olfactory ensheathing cells play a role in the defense of the brain against infection?


Chuah, MI and Vincent, AJ and West, AK, Do olfactory ensheathing cells play a role in the defense of the brain against infection?, Neuroembryology and Aging, 3, (3) pp. 152-156. ISSN 1661-3406 (2005) [Letter or Note in Journal]

DOI: doi:10.1159/000094557


Olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs), also known as olfactory neuroglia, are widely accepted to play a role in the ontogeny of the primary olfactory pathway. Their expression of numerous growth factors and extracellular matrix molecules is consistent with a role in guiding elongating olfactory axons from the nasal cavity to their termination in the olfactory bulb. In recent years, researchers have attempted to exploit these phenotypic features by utilizing these cells as a therapeutic agent to induce repair of the injured nervous system. However, their strategic placement along olfactory nerves, spanning the region between the external nasal cavity and the olfactory bulb (part of the central nervous system), and their expression profile of immunomodulatory proteins support a possible involvement in the protection of the brain against infection. This commentary will briefly outline the relationship between OECs and developing olfactory nerves, and recent experimental evidence that suggests a remarkable functional plasticity of OECs including a possible active role in the immune system. Copyright © 2005 S. Karger AG.

Item Details

Item Type:Letter or Note in Journal
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Neurosciences
Research Field:Cellular nervous system
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Chuah, MI (Associate Professor Inn Chuah)
UTAS Author:Vincent, AJ (Dr Adele Vincent)
UTAS Author:West, AK (Professor Adrian West)
ID Code:45927
Year Published:2005
Deposited By:Anatomy and Physiology
Deposited On:2007-08-01
Last Modified:2011-09-14

Repository Staff Only: item control page