Major histocompatibility polymorphism associated with resistance towards amoebic gill disease in Atlantic salmon (
Salmo salar L.)
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Wynne, JW and Cook, MT and Nowak, BF and Elliott, NG, Major histocompatibility polymorphism associated with resistance towards amoebic gill disease in Atlantic salmon (
Salmo salar L.), Fish and Shellfish Immunology, 22, (6) pp. 707- 717. ISSN 1050-4648 (2007) [Refereed Article]
The association between major histocompatibility (MH) polymorphism and the severity of infection by amoebic gill disease (AGD) was investigated across 30 full sibling families of Atlantic salmon. Individuals were challenged with AGD for 19 days and then their severity of infection scored by histopathological examination of the gills. Fish were then genotyped for the MH class I (Sasa-UBA) and MH class II alpha (Sasa-DAA) genes using polymorphic repeats embedded within the 3′ untranslated regions of the Sasa-UBA and Sasa-DAA genes. High variation in the severity of infection was observed across the sample material, ranging from 0% to 85% gill filaments infected. In total, seven Sasa-DAA-3UTR and ten Sasa-UBA-3UTR marker alleles were identified across the 30 families. A significant association between the marker allele Sasa-DAA-3UTR 239 and a reduction in AGD severity was detected. There was also a significant association found between AGD severity and the presence of two Sasa-DAA-3UTR genotypes. While the associations between MH allele/genotypes and AGD severity reported herein may be statistically significant, the small sample sizes observed for some alleles and genotypes means these associations should be considered as suggestive and future research is required to verify their biological significance. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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