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The VSOP GHz Active Galactic Nucleus Survey. IV. The Angular Size/Brightness Temperature Distribution

Citation

Horiuchi, S and Fomalont, EB and Scott, WK and Taylor, AR and Lovell, JEJ and Moellenbrock, GA and Dodson, R and Murata, Y and Hirabayashi, H and Edwards, PG and Gurvits, LI and Shen, ZQ, The VSOP GHz Active Galactic Nucleus Survey. IV. The Angular Size/Brightness Temperature Distribution, The Astrophysical Journal, 616, (1 I) pp. 110-122. ISSN 0004-637X (2004) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1086/424811

Abstract

The VLBI Space Observatory Programme (VSOP) mission is a Japanese-led project to study radio sources with submilliarcsecond angular resolution, using an orbiting 8 m telescope on board the satellite HALCA with a global Earth-based array of telescopes. A major program is the 5 GHz VSOP Survey Program, which we supplement here with Very Long Baseline Array observations to produce a complete and flux density-limited sample. Using statistical methods of analysis of the observed visibility amplitude versus projected (u, v) spacing, we have determined the angular size and brightness temperature distribution of bright radio emission from active galactic nuclei. On average, the cores have a diameter (full width, half-power) of 0.20 mas, which contains about 20% of the total source emission, and 14% ± 6% of the cores are less than 0.04 mas in size. About 20% ± 5% of the radio cores have a source frame brightness temperature Tb, > 1.0 × 10 13 K, and 3% ± 2% have Tb > 1.0 × 10 14 K. A model of the high brightness temperature tail suggests that the radio cores have brightness temperatures ≈ 1 × 1012 K. and are beamed toward the observer with an average bulk motion of β= 0.993 ± 0.004.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Physical Sciences
Research Group:Astronomical and Space Sciences
Research Field:Galactic Astronomy
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences
Author:Lovell, JEJ (Dr Jim Lovell)
ID Code:45346
Year Published:2004
Web of Science® Times Cited:34
Deposited By:Physics
Deposited On:2007-07-11
Last Modified:2007-07-11
Downloads:0

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