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A DArT platform for quantitative bulked segregant analysis


Wenzl, P and Raman, H and Wang, Junping and Zhou, M and Huttner, E and Kilian, A, A DArT platform for quantitative bulked segregant analysis, BMC Genomics, 8, (28 June 2007) pp. 196. ISSN 1471-2164 (2007) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1186/1471-2164-8-196


Background: Bulked segregant analysis (BSA) identifies molecular markers associated with a phenotype by screening two DNA pools of phenotypically distinct plants for markers with skewed allele frequencies. In contrast to gel-based markers, hybridization-based markers such as SFP, DArT or SNP generate quantitative allele-frequency estimates. Only DArT, however, combines this advantage with low development and assay costs and the ability to be deployed for any plant species irrespective of its ploidy level. Here we investigate the suitability of DArT for BSA applications using a barley array as an example. Results: In a first test experiment, we compared two bulks of 40 Steptoe/ Morex DH plants with contrasting pubescent leaves (mPub) alleles on chromosome 3H. At optimized levels of experimental replication and marker-selection threshold, the BSA scan identified 433 polymorphic markers. The relative hybridization contrast between bulks accurately reflected the between-bulk difference in the frequency of the mPub allele (r = 0.96). The 'platform noise' of DArT assays, estimated by comparing two identical aliquots of a DNA mixture, was significantly lower than the 'pooling noise' reflecting the binomial sampling variance of the bulking process. The allele-frequency difference on chromosome 3H increased in the vicinity of mPub and peaked at the marker with the smallest distance from mPub (4.6 cM). In a validation experiment with only 20 plants per bulk we identified an aluminum (Al) tolerance locus in a Dayton/Zhepi2 DH population on chromosome 4H with < 0.8 cM precision, the same Al-tolerance locus that had been mapped before in other barley populations. Conclusion: DArT-BSA identifies genetic loci that influence phenotypic characters in barley with at least 5 cM accuracy and should prove useful as a generic tool for high-throughput, quantitative BSA in plants irrespective of their ploidy level. © 2007 Wenzl et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Crop and pasture production
Research Field:Crop and pasture improvement (incl. selection and breeding)
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Grains and seeds
Objective Field:Barley
UTAS Author:Wang, Junping (Ms Junping Wang)
UTAS Author:Zhou, M (Professor Meixue Zhou)
ID Code:45028
Year Published:2007
Web of Science® Times Cited:33
Deposited By:Agricultural Science
Deposited On:2007-08-01
Last Modified:2010-06-04

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