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Role of the domestic chicken (Gallus gallus) in the epidemiology of urban visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil

Citation

Alexander, B and de Carvalho, RL and McCallum, HI and Pereira, MH, Role of the domestic chicken (Gallus gallus) in the epidemiology of urban visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil, Emerging Infectious Diseases, 8, (12) pp. 1480-1485. ISSN 1080-6040 (2002) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.3201/eid0812.010485

Abstract

Zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (ZVL) is a serious public health problem in several Brazilian cities. Although the proximity of chicken houses is often cited as a risk factor in studies of urban ZVL, the role chickens play in the epidemiology of the disease has not been defined. Chickens attract both male and female sand flies (Lutzomyia longipalpis) but are unable to sustain Leishmania infections, and their presence may exert a zooprophylactic effect. We discuss environmental, physiologic, socioeconomic, and cultural factors related to chicken raising that could influence Le. infantum transmission in Brazilian cities and evaluate whether this practice significantly affects the risk of acquiring ZVL.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Epidemiology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Infectious Diseases
Author:McCallum, HI (Professor Hamish McCallum)
ID Code:44372
Year Published:2002
Web of Science® Times Cited:82
Deposited By:Zoology
Deposited On:2007-05-24
Last Modified:2007-05-24
Downloads:0

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