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Observations on the biology of carcharhinus-cautus (whitley), carcharhinus-melanopterus (quoy and gaimard) and carcharhinus-fitzroyensis (whitley) from northern australia

Citation

Lyle, JM, Observations on the biology of carcharhinus-cautus (whitley), carcharhinus-melanopterus (quoy and gaimard) and carcharhinus-fitzroyensis (whitley) from northern australia, Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 38, (6) pp. 701-710. ISSN 0067-1940 (1987) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1071/MF9870701

Abstract

The reproductive biology and diets of C. cautus, C. melanopterus and C. fitzroyensis from northern Australia are described. Males and females are usually mature at 84 and 91 cm, respectively, in C. cautus, 95 and 97 cm in C. melanopterus, and 88 and 100 cm in C. fitzroyensis. The species exhibit placental viviparity, have restricted breeding seasons, and individual females appear to breed annually. Breeding seasons for C. cautus and C. melanopterus are very similar: mating occurs between January and March, ovulation in February-March, and parturition in October-November. Individuals of C. fitzroyensis mate between May and July, ovulate between July and September, and give birth the. following February- April. Gestation periods for the three species range from 7 to 9 months. Approximate sizes at birth are 40 cm for C. cautus, 48 cm for C. melanopterus and 50 cm for C. fitzroyensis. Mean litter sizes are 2-9 (range 1-5) for C. cautus, 3-8 (range 3-4) for C. melanopterus and 3-7 (range 1-7) for C. fitzroyensis. Teleost fish are an important component of the diets, with crustaceans and molluscs (mainly cephalo- pods) of lesser importance. Snakes are eaten by C. melanopterus and C. cautus. © CSIRO 1987.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Fisheries Sciences
Research Field:Fisheries Sciences not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences
UTAS Author:Lyle, JM (Associate Professor Jeremy Lyle)
ID Code:44319
Year Published:1987
Web of Science® Times Cited:39
Deposited By:TAFI - Marine Research Laboratory
Deposited On:2007-05-30
Last Modified:2011-09-23
Downloads:0

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