The effects of tissue factor pathway inhibitor and anti-beta2-glycoprotein I IgG on thrombin generation
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Lean, SY and Ellery, P and Ivey, L and Thom, J and Oostryck, R and Leahy, M and Baker, R and Adams, MJ, The effects of tissue factor pathway inhibitor and anti-beta2-glycoprotein I IgG on thrombin generation, Haematologica, 91, (10) pp. 1360-1366. ISSN 0390-6078 (2006) [Refereed Article]
Background and Objectives. Recent evidence suggests that autoantibodies to tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) and/or antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) may contribute to upregulation of the tissue factor (TF) pathway of blood coagulation and the development of thrombotic complications in the antiphospholipid syndrome (aPS). The aim of this study was to determine the influence of aPL e.g. anti-β-2-glycoprotein-I (anti-β2GPI) and anti-prothrombin, on in vitro TF-induced thrombin generation in the presence and absence of TFPI. Design and Methods. IgG fractions were collected from subjects with aPL (n=21) and normal controls (n=36). Anti-TFPI activity was determined after incubation of IgG isolated from control or subject plasma with pooled normal plasma using an amidolytic assay for TFPI. The influence of IgG fractions and purified aPL (anti-β2GPI and anti-prothrombin) on TF-induced in vitro thrombin generation was determined using a chromogenic assay of thrombin activity. Results. Patients with aPL had significantly elevated thrombin generation (median [interquartile range]) compared to normal controls (112.0 [104.0-124.0]% vs 89.9 [85.7-100.9]%, respectively; p<0.001). Thrombin generation was significantly correlated with anti-TFPI activity in patients with aPL (r s=0.452; p=0.039). It was also demonstrated that anti-β2GPI, but not anti-prothrombin IgG antibodies, significantly enhanced TF-induced thrombin generation in the presence of TFPI, using both purified and patients' samples. Interpretation and Conclusions. Our findings support the hypothesis that anti-β2GPI IgG antibodies accelerate thrombin generation in the presence of TFPI and may contribute to hypercoagulability in patients with aPS. © 2006 Ferrata Storti Foundation.
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